1. Sharma D, Ross D,Wang G, Jia W, Kirkpatrick S, Zhao F*.Upgrading prevascularization in tissue engineering: a review of strategies for promoting highly organized microvascular network formation. Acta Biomaterialia. 2019;95: 112-130.
  2. Qian Z, Sharma D, Jia W, Radke D, Kamp T, Zhao F*. Engineering stem cell cardiac patch with microvascular features representative of native myocardium. Theranostics. 2019; 9: 2143-2157.
  3. Ferguson M, Sharma D, Ross D, Zhao F*. A Critical Review of Microelectrode Arrays and Strategies for Improving the Neural Interface. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2019: 1900558 (1-16).
  4. Sharma D, Jia W, Long F, Pati S, Chen Q, Qyang Y, Lee B, Choi CK, Zhao F*. Polydopamine and collagen coated micro-grated polydimethylsiloxane for human mesenchymal stem cell culture. Bioactive Materials.2019; 4:142–150.
  5. Sharma D, Ferguson M, Kamp T, Zhao F*. Constructing biomimetic cardiac tissues: a review of scaffold materials for engineering cardiac patches. Emergent Materials. 2019;2: 181-191.
  6. Liang J, Li J, Zhou C, Jia W, Zhagn L, Zhao F, Lee B, Liu B. In situ synthesis of biocompatible imidazolium salt hydrogels with antimicrobial activities. Acta Biomaterialia. 2019; 99:133-140.
  7. Martin R, Wendling M, Mohrenweiser B, Qian Z, Zhao F, Mullins M. Formation of Aligned Core/Sheath Microfiber Scaffolds with a poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) Sheath and a Conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Core. Journal of Materials Research. 2019;34: 1931-1943.
  8. Sharma D, Ferguson M, Zhao F*. A Step-by-Step Protocol for Generating Human Fibroblast Cell-Derived Completely Biological Extracellular Matrix Scaffolds. Cell-Derived Matrices part B Volume 157. Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series. Springer Publisher. 2019.
  9. Qian Z, Radke D, Jia W, Tahtinen M, Wang G, Zhao F*. Bioengineering Scaffolds for Regenerative Engineering. In R. Narayan (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering. Elsevier Publisher. 2019; 1: 444–461.
  10. Radke D, Jia W, Sharma D,Fena K, Wang G, Goldman J, Zhao F*. Tissue Engineering at the Blood-Contacting Surface: A Review of Challenges and Strategies in Vascular Graft Development. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2018;7:e1701461(1-24). (Invited)
  11. Chen L, Radke D, Qi S, Zhao F*. Protocols for Full Thickness Skin Wound Repair Using Prevascularized Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Sheet. Skin Stem Cells  2nd Edition. Springer Publisher. Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series.
  12. Radke D, Chen L, Qi S, Zhao F*. Prevascularized Stem Cell Sheet for Full Thickness Skin Wound Repair. Wounds: Background, Principles, and Recent Research and Clinical Techniques. Springer Publisher. 2018.
  13. Zhang L, Qian Z, Tahtinen M, Qi S, Zhao F*. Prevascularization of Natural Nanofibrous Extracellular Matrix for Engineering Completely Biological 3D Prevascularized Tissues for Diverse Applications. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. 2018; 12:e1325-e1336.
  14. Qian Z, Ross D, Jia W, Xing Q, Zhao F*. Bioactive polydimethylsiloxane surface for optimal human mesenchymal stem cell sheet culture. Bioactive Materials. 2018; 3:167-173. (Invited)
  15. Sharma D, Chica JF, Zhao F*.Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Pre-vascularization of Engineered Tissues. Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapeutics. 2018;4(2):41‒43. (Invited)
  16. Xing Q, Qian Z, Tahtinen M, Yap AH, Yates K, Zhao F * . Aligned nanofibrous cell-derived extracellular matrix for anisotropic vascular graft construction. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2017; 6:1601333 (1-6).
  17. Chen L, Xing Q, Zhai Q, Tahtinen M, Zhou F, Chen L, Xu Y, Qi S, Zhao F*. Pre-vascularization enhances therapeutic effects of human mesenchymal stem cell sheets in full thickness skin wound repair. Theranostics. 2017; 7:117-131.
  18. Vogt C, Tahtinen M, Zhao F*. Engineering Approaches for Creating Skeletal Muscle, Tissue Engineering and Nano Theranostics (ISBN: 978-981-3149-18-2). World Scientific Publisher. 2017.
  19. Xing Q, Qian Z, Jia W, Ghosh A, Tahtinen M, Zhao F*. Natural extracellular matrix for cellular and tissue biomanufacturing. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. 2017; 3:1462–1476. (Invited)
  20. Qian Z, Xing Q, Fase C, Jansen K, Zhao F*.Effects of Short Term Hypoxia-Preconditioning on Glial Phenotype Induction of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells.  AIMS Cell and Tissue Engineering. 2017; 1: 47-63. (Invited)
  21. Zhang S, Chen T, Lee H, Bi J, Ghosh A, Fang M, Qian Z, Xie F,  Ainsely J, Christov C, Luo F, Zhao F*, and Liu H. Luminescent Probes for Sensitive Detection of pH Changes in Live Cells through Two Near-infrared Luminescence Channels. ACS Sensors. 2017; 2: 924-931.
  22. Liu Y, Meng H, Qian Z, Choi W, Fan N, Zhao F, Lee BP. A moldable nanocomposite hydrogel as a fit-to- shape tissue sealant based on mussel-inspired chemistry. Angewandte Chimie International Edition. 2017; 56: 4224-4228.
  23. Zhang L, Xing Q, Qian Z, Tahtinen M, Zhang Z, Shearier E, Qi S, Zhao F*.  Hypoxia created human mesenchymal stem cell sheet for prevascularized three-dimensional tissue construction. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2016; 5:342-52. 
  24. Shearier E,Xing Q, Qian Z, Zhao F*. Physiologically low oxygen enhances biomolecule production and stemness of mesenchymal stem cell spheroids. Tissue Engineering C-Methods. 2016; 22: 360-369. (Cover art).
  25. Shearier E, Bowen PK, He W, Drelich A, Drelich J, Goldman J, Zhao F*In vitro cytotoxicity, adhesion, and proliferation of human vascular cells exposed to zinc. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. 2016; 2: 634–642.
  26. Bowen PK, Shearier E, Zhao S, Guillory R, Zhao F, Goldman J, Drelich J. Cardiovascular stents made of biodegradable zinc – current status. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2016;5:1121-40.
  27. Liu X, Zhang L, Kirby M, Becker R, Zhao F. Iterative l1–min algorithm for fixed pattern noise removal in fiber bundle based endoscopic imaging. Journal of the Optical Society of America A. 2016; 33:630-636.
  28. Shearier E, Chen P, Hu YH, Zhao F*.Surface defection reduces cytotoxicity of Zn(2-methylimidazole)2 (Zif-8) without compromising its drug delivery capacity. RSC Advances. 2016; 6: 4128 – 4135.
  29. Xing Q, Qian Z, Kannan B, Tahtinen M, Zhao F*. Osteogenic differentiation evaluation of an engineered extracellular matrix based tissue sheet for potential periosteum replacement. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2015; 7:23239 – 23247.
  30. McCarthy C, Ahrens D; Joda D, Curtis T, Bowen P, Guillory R, Liu S, Zhao F, Megan F, Jeremy G. Fabrication and short-term in vivo performance of a natural elastic lamina – polymeric hybrid vascular graft. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2015; 7:16202–16212.
  31. Xing Q, Zhang L, Redman T, Qi S, Zhao F*. Nitric oxide regulates cell behavior on an interactive cell-derived extracellular matrix scaffold. Journal of Biomedical Material Research: Part A. 2015; 103A: 3807–3814.
  32. Bowen PK, Guillory RJ, Shearier E, Seitz JM, Drelich J, Bocks M, Zhao F, Goldman J. Metallic zinc exhibits optimal biocompatibility for bioabsorbable endovascular stents. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2015;56: 467–472.
  33. Xing Q, Yates K, Tahtinen M, Shearier E, Qian Z, Zhao F*. Decellularization of fibroblast cell sheets for natural extracellular matrix scaffold preparation. Tissue Engineering C-Methods, 2015; 21:77-87.
  34. Shearier E, Bowen PK, Drelich J, Goldman J, Zhao F*. In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation of vascular cells after exposure to zinc. European Cells & Materials. 2015; 3: 71.
  35. Xing Q, Vogt C, Leong KW, Zhao F*. Highly aligned nanofibrous natural extracellular matrix scaffold derived from fibroblast cell sheets. Advanced Functional Materials, 2014; 24:3027-3035.
  36. Liu X, Kirby M, Zhao F. Motion analysis and removal in intensity variation based OCT microangiography. Biomedical Optics Express, 2014; 5:3833-3847.
  37. Adams TNG, Janorkar A, Zhao F, and Minerick AR. Characterizing the dielectric properties of human mesenchymal stem cells and the effects of charged elastin-like polypeptide copolymer treatment. Biomicrofluidics, 2014; 8:054109.
  38. Zhao Y, Xing Q, Janjanam J, He K, Long F, Low KB, Tiwari A, Zhao F, Shahbazian-Yassar R, Friedrich C, Shokuhfar T. Facile electrochemical synthesis of antimicrobial TiO2 nanotube arrays. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2014;9:5177-5187.
  39. Xu Y, Yan M, Gong Y, Chen L, Zhao F, Zhang Z. Response of Endothelial cells to decellularized extracellular matrix deposited by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Internatioal Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 2014; 7: 4997–5003.
  40. Xing Q, Vogt C, Yates K, Qian Z, Frost MC, Zhao F*. Increasing mechanical strength of gelatin hydrogels by divalent metal ion removal. Scientific Reports, 2014;4:4706.
  41. Vogt C, Xing Q, He W, Li B, Frost MC, Zhao F*. Fabrication and Characterization of a nitric oxide-releasing nanofibrous gelatin matrix. Biomacromolecules, 2013;14:2521–2530.
  42. Xing Q, Yates K, Bailey A, Vogt C, He W, Frost MC, Zhao F*. Effects of local nitric oxide release on human mesenchymal stem cell attachment and proliferation on gelatin hydrogel surface. Surface Innovations, 2013;1:224-232.
  43. Zhao F*. Manipulating mesenchymal stem cells for vascular tissue engineering. JSM Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering, 2013;1:1012.
  44. Choudhury N, Zhang Z, Zhao F, Gu L, and Mohanty S. Label free optical detection of activation of channelrhodopsin-2 using phase-sensitive fourier domain optical coherence tomography. Visualization, Image Processing and Computation in Biomedicine. 2012;1.
  45. Ho YP, Grigsby C, Zhao F, Leong KW. Tuning physical properties of nanocomplexes through microfluidics-assisted confinement. Nano Letters, 2011;11:2178-2182
  46. Zhao F, Veldhuis JJ, Duan Y, Yang Y, Christoforou N, Ma T, Leong KW. Low oxygen tension and synthetic nanogratings improve the uniformity and stemness of human mesenchymal stem cell layer. Molecular Therapy, 2010;18:1010–1018.
  47. Xing Q, Zhao F, Chen S, DeCoster MA, and Lvov YM. Porous biocompatible three dimensional scaffolds of cellulose microfiber/gelatin composites for cell culture. Acta Biomaterialia, 2010; 6:2132-2139.
  48. Zhao F and Ma T. Low-oxygen pretreatment enhances endothelial cell growth and retention under shear. Tissue Engineering Part C-Methods, 2009; 15: 135-146.
  49. Zhao F, Grayson WL, Ma T. Perfusion affects the tissue developmental patterns of human mesenchymal stem cells in 3D Scaffolds. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2009; 219: 421-429.
  50. Zhu AP, Zhao F, and Ma T. Photo-initiated grafting of gelatin/N-maleic acyl-chitosan to enhance endothelial cell adhesion, proliferation and function on PLA surface. Acta Biomaterialia, 2009;5: 2033-2044.
  51. Zhu AP, Zhao F, and Fang N. Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cells on poly (ethylene terephthalate) film by o-carboxymethylchitosan surface-immobilization. Journal of Biomedical Material Research A, 2008;86A: 467-476.
  52. Zhu AP, Shi ZH, Cai AY, Zhao F, Liao T. Synthesis of core-shell PMMA-SiO2 nanoparticles with suspension-dispersion-polymerization in an aqueous system and its effect on mechanical properties of PVC composites. Polymer Testing, 2008;27: 540-547.
  53. Abbah SA, Lu WW, Cheung KMC, Liu WG, Zhao F, Li ZY, Leong JCY, Luk KDK. Osteogenic behavior of alginate encapsulated bone marrow stromal cells: An in vitro study. Journal Of Materials Science-Materials In Medicine, 2008;19: 2113-2119.
  54. Zhu AP, Pan Y, Liao T, Zhao F, and Chen T. The synthesis and characterization of novel and biocompatible n-maleic acyl-chitosan. Journal of Biomedical Material Research, 2008;85B: 489-495.
  55. Zhao F, Chella R and Ma T. Effects of shear stress on 3-D human mesenchymal stem cell construct development in a versatile perfusion bioreactor system: experiments and hydrodynamic modeling. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2007;96: 584-595.
  56. Grayson WL, Zhao F, Bunnell B, Ma T. Hypoxia enhances proliferation and tissue formation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2007;358 (3): 948-953.
  57. Zhu AP, Yuan LH, Chen T, Wu H, Zhao F. Interactions between N-succinyl-chitosan and bovine serum albumin. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2007;69:363-370.
  58. Zhao F, Grayson WL, Ma T, Bunnell B, and Lu WW. Effects of hydroxyapatite in 3-D chitosan-gelatin polymer network on human mesenchymal stem cell construct development. Biomaterials, 2006;27: 1859-1867.
  59. Grayson WL, Zhao F, Izadpanah R, Bunnell B, Ma T. Effects of hypoxia on human mesenchymal stem cell expansion and plasticity in 3D constructs. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2006;207: 331-339.
  60. Zhu AP, Dai S, Li L, Zhao F. Salt effects on aggregation of O-carboxymethylchitosan in aqueous solution. Colloids and Surfaces B-Biointerfaces, 2006;47(1): 20-28.
  61. Abbah SA, Lu WW, Chan D, Cheung KMC, Liu WG, Zhao F, Li ZY, Leong JCY, Luk KDK. In vitro evaluation of alginate encapsulated adipose-tissue stromal cells for use as injectable bone graft substitute. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2006;347: 185-191.
  62. Zhao F and Ma T. Perfusion bioreactor system for human mesenchymal stem cell tissue engineering: dynamic cell seeding and construct development. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2005;91: 482-493.
  63. Zhao F, Pathi P, Grayson WL, Xing Q, Locke BR, Ma T. Effects of oxygen transport on 3-D human mesenchymal stem cell metabolic activity in perfusion and static cultures: experiments and mathematical model. Biotechnology Progress, 2005;21: 1269-1280.
  64. Zhao F, Lu WW, Wong CT, Cheung KMC, Luk KDK, Yao KD, Leong JCY. Surface modification of injectable strontium-containing bioactive bone cement for vertebroplasty. Journal of Biomedical Material Research B, 2004;69B: 79-86.
  65. Lu WW, Zhao F, Luk KDK, Yin YJ, Cheung KMC, Cheng GX, Yao KD, Leong JCY. Controllable porosity hydroxyapatite ceramics as spine cage: from fabrication to properties evaluation. Journal of Material Science, Materials in Medicine, 2003;14: 1039-1046.
  66. Zhao F, Yin YJ, Yao KD, Lu WW, Leong JCY, Zhang MF, Zhang WY, Zhang JY. Preparation and histological evaluation of biomimetic 3-D hydroxyapatite/chitosan-gelatin network composite scaffolds. Biomaterials, 2002;23: 3227-34.
  67. Yao KD, Zhao F, Li F, Yin YJ. Smart Gels-Chitosan Based Material and Their Applications, Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, Vol1.Mel Schwartz USA: John Wiley & Sons, Int. 2002. p182-190.
  68. Yao K, Mao J, Yin Y, Liu WG, Cui Y, Cai K, Zhao F. Chitosan/gelatin network based biomaterials in tissue engineering. Biomedical Engineering-applications Basis Communications, 2002;14:115-121.
  69. Zhao F, Sun QC, Fang DP, Yao KD. Preparation and properties of polydimethylsiloxane-modified epoxy resins. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2000;76: 1683-90.
  70. Yin YJ, Zhao F, Yao KD & Song XF, Lu WW, Leong JCY. Preparation and characterization of hydroxyapatite/chitosan-gelatin network composite. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2000;77: 2929-38.